Government’s flawed Bill S-10 moves to House of
WFM – Canada was actively involved this fall in parliament’s
discussion of the government controversial Bill S-10, draft
legislation to implement the Cluster Munitions treaty. We are
disappointed that the Senate of Canada has now passed the deeply
flawed bill, without amendment.
The Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade
(SCFAIT) heard from expert witnesses including World Federalist
Movement – Canada. These witnesses pointed out numerous flaws
in the legislation and suggested a variety of ways to close
loopholes. As presently drafted, Bill S-10 would generate a
number of “exceptions” to the treaty’s prohibitions banning
use of cluster munitions. These exceptions would allow Canadian
soldiers to engage in activities that would otherwise be
prohibited under the treaty. They include directing, requesting or
authorizing use, acquisition, possession, import or export of cluster
munitions; the transfer of cluster munitions; and using,
acquiring or possessing a cluster munition while on
attachment, exchange or secondment with a non-state party to the
WFM – Canada President Warren Allmand appeared before the
SCFAIT. His testimony included an “Open Letter” signed by 27
legal experts calling for the government to “remove or
radically revise” the offending parts (section 11) of its
draft Act to Implement the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
These 27 legal experts, mostly professors of international law at
major Canadian universities, also included three former Canadian
Ambassadors for Disarmament, an American legal scholar who has
authored definitive legal commentaries on the cluster munitions
treaty, and the former head of the Canadian delegation to the
treaty negotiations, who resigned from the Department of Foreign
Affairs in protest over the government’s after-the-fact efforts
to reinterpret the scope of the treaty.
Despite amendments being proposed in both the Committee and in
Third Reading, the Senate voted to maintain the flaws in the
legislation and send it to the House of Commons unchanged, where
it is expected to be debated early in the New Year. Please register your support for efforts to fix Bill S-10.
December 2012 issue of Mondial
Mondial is a 20-page bulletin published in Canada by the World
Federalists. Some of the articles in the December issue include:
- An assessment of Canada’s controversial recent statements
and actions at the United Nations;
- Two articles reviewing aspects of the international
community’s discussions of the MDGs (Millennium Development
Goals) and a possible “post-2015 development agenda";
- The need for Canada to upgrade its commitment to UN peace
- Recent activities of the International Criminal Court;
- Two articles on the “Responsibility to Protect;”
- Background on the Senate’s treatment of Bill S-!0,
including some powerful remarks by Canadian Senator Roméo Dallaire;
- Updates on campaigns for the proposed UN Parliamentary
- A tribute to the late George McGovern
- A review of Amartya Sen’s seminal work on “Development as
- Activities from WFMC community groups across Canada;
- A roundup of events from this summer’s international World
- Congress, including excerpts from remarks by noted Canadian
author Erna Paris on the occasion of her receiving the 2012
WFMC World Peace Award.
Mondial is published in hard copy and is also available
online. The December issue -- both the complete bulletin and
individual articles -- will be available by December 31st. Follow us on Twitter or Facebook for updates.
The Post-2015 Millennium Development Goals: Will
Rhetoric Outpace Commitment?
On January 27, WFM – Canada’s Montreal “Branch Brunch”
will take place at the Café of the Museum of Fine Arts (1380
Sherbrooke Street West, near the Guy-Concordia transit stop).
Guest speaker for the event will be retired McGill University
Professor Myron Frankman, who will review international
discussions on the post-2015 development agenda, with specific
reference to proposals for a universal, rights-based Social
Protection Floor (SPF).
As the international community discusses what should replace the
Millennium Development Goals after 2015, a more rights-based
development framework, including ideas like the SPF, have been
attracting wider support. The Social Protection Floor is based on the
idea that everyone should enjoy at least basic income security
sufficient to live, guaranteed through transfers in cash or in
kind, such as pensions for the elderly and persons with
disabilities, child benefits, income support benefits and/or
employment guarantees and services for the unemployed and
working poor. The combination of in-cash and in-kind transfers should ensure that everyone has access to necessary goods and services,
including essential health services, food security, primary
education, housing, water and sanitation and others defined according
to national priorities. The SPF was recently endorsed in a study
sponsored by the UN’s International Labour Organization.
The charge for the event is $35. Please RSVP by contacting Carol
ICC’s second verdict proves controversial
On December 18, the International Criminal Court’s (ICC) Trial
Chamber II issued a decision to acquit Ngudjolo Chui of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo of all charges of war crimes
and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the DRC in
The Office of the Prosecutor immediately announced that she would
be appealing this decision.
In the earlier decision and judgment on the case, judges stated
that the prosecutor had failed to present sufficient evidence to
prove beyond all reasonable doubt that Ngudjolo Chui was responsible
for the commission of the alleged crimes—including murder and
sexual and gender-based violence—during an attack on Bogoro village
in the DRC's eastern Ituri region.
For more information, visit the NGO Coalition for the ICC.
REMINDER: Your donations keep us going!
As 2012 is drawing to a close, we would like to thank you for your
support and extend best wishes for the year ahead.
A growing number of the world’s citizens recognize that “global
governance is broken,” and that committed engagement by civil
society will be necessary to making political progress in the years
World Federalists recognize the need to move beyond a nation-state
framework, to build a more equitable, accountable and
democratically governed international order.
Although the present Canadian Government generated headlines this
past year with an excessively critical approach to the United
Nations, World Federalists have always been, and will continue
to be, “constructively critical” of the organization. We seek a
UN that can deliver on its goals. We are dedicated to
transforming the institution so that it has the financial means, the
legal authority and political legitimacy that will allow it to
address the world’s pressing global problems.
With your help, public education and advocacy efforts in support
of these world federalist goals will continue in the year ahead.
If a 2012 tax receipt is required, your donation should be made
payable to the World Federalist Foundation.
Your support is very much appreciated, and needed.